- Science

Things you probably did not know about Dengue dengue

A lot of mysteries related to Dengue hemorrhage are rarely mentioned, among these are the newly updated German researchgate.net (RN).

1. Are Aedes aegypti mosquitoes carrying Dengue and Chikungunya viruses, both transmitted to humans?
Aedes aegypti can be infected with two viruses simultaneously (dengue fever and chikungunya) as it appears in Maharashtra state, India. The so-called double infection, usually occurs where the distribution of the aforementioned viruses is present. However, this phenomenon is extremely rare due to competition and the use of the main viral pathway in the mosquito body. Interestingly, the researchers isolated both DENV and CHIK (dengue virus and chikungunya, all of the genus flaviviruse) in the same mosquito, but efforts to replicate this in the room The experiment failed again.

A. Aegyptii and other mosquitoes may carry two different types of flaviviruse, but infection with a second flaviviruse is more common in nature. However, once in a mosquito’s body, the infectious progression of each of these viruses is interrelated. As mutually exclusive, in which only one progress is a weaker and disappear; Two mutually reinforce and three, there is no interaction, so the possibility of a double infection transmitted from a single bite depends on the type of interaction between the two viruses in the mosquito.

2. Dengue fever will “usurpation” of malaria in the coming years?
There is an opinion that in India, malaria cases are tending to decrease, when dengue fever is on the rise. According to RN, the number of dengue cases in India ranges from 40,000 to 50,000 cases per year, most of which are reported in southern India, and Delhi. Among these are severe forms of DHF hemorrhagic fever, even P. vivax has become more severe recently.

Confirmed cases have been evaluated and unconfirmed cases have not been tested, so it is said that cases of malaria are declining without sufficient evidence. Acute tropical disease is becoming more serious. Dengue fever has increased, but whether malaria “usurpation” has yet to be fully provided.

3. Do non-dengue patients need to stay in bed away from dengue patients from day 3 to day 8?
In fact, many parents who have children in hospital but not dengue fever require their beds to stay away from children with dengue fever, especially from August 3 to 8. The doctor’s answer is as follows: After sucking blood from the host, human or animal, Aedes mosquitoes will rest for a while to digest part of the suctioned blood and pool the remaining blood to produce batch of eggs forthcoming. If the mosquitoes have already drawn blood containing the dengue virus, it will undergo an external incubation period (EIP), the incubation period of the virus between the time the mosquito becomes infected with the blood and the time it spread .

The standard EIP is 8 – 12 days but the actual EIP is affected by temperature and species so EIP can be shortened to 5 days or longer than 12 days. Given this fact, while Aedes mosquitoes suck blood from a child with dengue, it can continue to infect others, but mosquitoes cannot directly transmit dengue virus from one child to another. No dengue fever.

4. Is Interleukin 10 test a predictor of the severity of dengue in children?
TNFa levels appear to be more predictable than IL-10 when prognosis for the severity of dengue fever. TNFa binds to PECAM-1 at endothelial distance junctions, allowing the bypass of CTL to be activated. , but also plasma and erythrocytes .IL-10 is a cytokine TH2, required for memory CTL and delayed CTL response in response to primary Dengue (DV) visus infection. There are many moving fragments, but the semiautomatic and pre-neutralized IgG and infection with a strain of SE Asian DV-2 virus, along with poor clinical management, appear to be the major risk factor for the disease. severe dengue fever.

5. Why do mosquitoes “ask” a lot, some are few?
According to the NBC news agency, the study found that about 20% of the population was “highly attractive to mosquitoes,” and the rest were medium and low. So to avoid mosquito bites should wear protective clothing, long-sleeved clothing and turtleneck …

According to a 2011 study published in the journal PLOS One, the composition of skin bacteria affects the attractiveness of mosquitoes, which means that the taste of the skin emitted attracts mosquitoes. And yet, the more the body emits the smell of CO2 (Carbon dioxide), the more crowded mosquitoes become, so maintaining a clean body will limit mosquito bites.

Several studies have found that mosquitoes prefer people with type O blood, which is a common blood type. In a 2004 study by the American Institute for Disease Control Technology, scientists found that the average relative rate of mosquitoes in people with type O blood was 83.3 percent, compared with 46.5 percent. in people with blood type A. If people in this group are addicted to alcohol, the rate of mosquito bites is higher, because mosquitoes are very fond of beer smell.

More than 200 studies have found that mosquitoes love pregnant women, because these people emit 21% more CO2 than the non-pregnant group. In addition, mosquitoes also like people who sweat a lot, such as when working hard, or practicing heat escape with the taste of blood, CO2 and other flavors that mosquitoes love.

6. The most effective way to prevent dengue fever today?
Aedes aegypti mosquito (vector of dengue virus) breeds in artificial containers that are mostly found indoors with an average life cycle of 7 days. Therefore, the community must work together to do something together to break the insect’s reproductive cycle. The main purpose of controlling or stopping the transmission of dengue virus is to fight vector mosquitoes through the following methods:

Continually change the water in barrels, jars, bottles … if needed
Turn over, empty stagnant water in household containers, flower vases, bonsai … Seal open ends, such as pile heads, broken trees … to avoid water accumulation, helping mosquitoes lay eggs.
There are many effective ways to prevent dengue infection, including solutions to eliminate mosquito larvae, larvae and mosquito nets while sleeping.

Regularly drain drains and spray BTI pesticides in gutters
Prevent mosquitoes from reaching their spawning habitats by keeping the home clean and places where people often gather.
Wear protective clothing when working in areas where mosquitoes bite, wear long-sleeved clothes, and socks in the evening.
Proper disposal of waste to eliminate artificial habitat. Add salt or oil to a cupboard or cupboard …
Use mosquito repellent, Permethrin spray on clothes, shoes, camping tools and mosquito nets or immerse the object in the aforementioned solution.
People with dengue fever should stay in mosquito nets to avoid mosquito bites to prevent spreading the disease to others.
Mobilizing the entire community to prevent and control vectors of mosquitoes causing disease and kill them simultaneously to achieve high efficiency.
Should spray mosquito repellent, mosquito repellent, mosquito repellent cream, electric racket to kill mosquitoes … in the space when dengue outbreaks appear …

Pomegranate’s health benefits are unknown

Pomegranate has many health benefits. In addition, pomegranate peel has many benefits that few people know.

1. Promote heart health
Pomegranate peel helps protect against heart diseases. With lots of antioxidants, pomegranate peel eliminates harmful free radicals and protects the heart.

2. Oral hygiene
Pomegranate peel can help avoid bad breath. Just crush the pomegranate peel into powder, mix it with water and rub it on your teeth to prevent gingivitis and mouth ulcers.

3. Improve bone health
Pomegranate peel has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that promote bone health, especially in postmenopausal women. You can drink pomegranate peel to avoid osteoporosis and reduce bone density.

4. Relieve cough and sore throat
Pomegranate peel powder is a great home remedy for sore throat and dry cough. Pour some pomegranate peel powder into the water and warm up. Gargle with this water to ease a sore throat.

5. Anti-aging
If you want to stay young, pomegranate peel is the best option. It helps prevent enzymes from breaking down collagen, thereby promoting cell growth. This helps delay the aging process.

6. Reduce the risk of cancer
Pomegranate peel is rich in antioxidants so it can prevent cancer. The risk of skin cancer may be reduced with the help of pomegranate peel. It also acts as an effective sunscreen.

7. Detoxification
Pomegranate peels work to remove the accumulated toxins. This effect is thanks to the antioxidants in pomegranate peel.

8. Clean your face
Pomegranate peel is a great choice to help cleanse your face by fighting acne. Dry pomegranate peel, spread flour and apply on face after mixing water or honey. Pomegranate peel contains antioxidants that can help keep bacteria and other infectious agents away

9. Preventing dandruff
Pomegranate peel powder, mixed with warm coconut oil. Apply this mixture on your scalp and leave it on for 15 minutes. Shampoo with cold water. You will see the effect of this mixture.

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